What Is Gastric Bypass Surgery
What is Gastric Bypass Surgery: The Optimal Choice Defined
For those who have been dreaming about a fast weight loss solution, they may ask - what is gastric bypass surgery?
In general, gastric bypass surgeries are for people who are: a) unsuccessful with obtaining and maintaining a healthy weight even with exercise and diet, b) extremely overweight, and c) who have serious health problems. The surgery changes the digestive system limiting the amount of food one can actually eat. It is effective in losing weight and preventing risks associated with obesity.
Severely obese clients, having a body mass index (BMI) of 40 or above, or a BMI of 35 to 39.9 can be subjected for a gastric bypass surgery. However, the need for following a healthy diet and an active lifestyle is the key factor for the success of the surgery, therefore, it is essentially recommended to commit religiously to following the guidelines about diet and exercise.
What is gastric bypass surgery and its procedures?
Bypass, from the word itself, is to make a passage or alternative route. To create such a passage, changing the digestive framework is required. The techniques used may include stapling the stomach to make it small and create a passage for food to go directly to the small intestine, thus the bypass, known as Roux-en-Y. Another method bypasses the major portion of the small intestines by connecting the end of the intestine to the duodenum. This surgery is known as Biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch.
Other weight loss surgeries are performed depending mainly on the patient's condition. The surgeon may use an inflatable band to divide the stomach into two parts, with a tiny passage in between to restrict the amount of food to be eaten. This is called a Lap-Band Adjustable Gastric Binding. A vertical banded gastroplasty, otherwise known as Stomach Stapling, also divides the stomach into two parts. However, in this technique no bypass is done, only that the upper pouch is smaller, limiting the space for food.
What is gastric bypass surgery and its complications?
A surgery poses many risks to a patient, and a gastric surgery, with its complex process, makes a person susceptible to many complications including malnutrition, and even death.
The most common complications, as with any major surgery, are bleeding and infection. Moreover, some may develop vitamin and mineral deficiency because less of these are absorbed, and more are excreted out. Dehydration is also possible, as with developing gall and kidney stones. Bleeding ulcers may likewise develop due to the nature of the surgery, and a low blood sugar level may result because of the lack of food intake.
Rarely, more serious risks accompany some of the gastric bypass procedures. To avoid these, a health education with the doctor should be done prior to the operation. Pulmonary embolism can be avoided by walking and using leg wraps to help reduce the tendency of forming blood clots in the legs. Leaking at one of the staples can be treated with antibiotics, and if not successful, an emergency surgery may be deemed. In cases where the opening between the stomach and the small intestine narrows, surgery may be performed by passing a tube through the mouth, to dilate the narrowed area. Requiring close observation, though very rare, is the development of Dumping syndrome. It is a condition where food moves too quickly to the small intestine causing nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and sweating.
If people start to wonder what is gastric bypass surgery, it can be easily identified with a successful weight loss program. This procedure may be extreme, but if it's the only option people have, then it is worth every dollar spent to regain a healthy body.
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