Types of Weight Loss Surgery
Various Types of Weight Loss Surgery
While the process of assessing and gaining approval for having weight loss surgery is already an extensive process in itself, choosing from the many types of weight loss surgery options can be a more challenging task. Choosing the right procedure out of the many types of weight loss surgery requires a careful assessment of one’s weight goals, the surgeon’s field of expertise, health, and even cost and insurance coverage. Taking all of this into consideration is central in making sure that the surgery achieves the goals that it is designed to meet.
The specific types of weight loss surgery are grouped into two categories, namely restrictive surgeries and malabsorptive surgeries. Restrictive surgeries refer to procedures that constrict the stomach by reducing its active volume and limiting the food intake to only a fraction of the normal amount. A normal-sized stomach can accommodate up to 3-pints of food; restrictive surgeries can reduce this volume to as little as one ounce with subsequent stretching increasing it to three ounces. As logic goes, a smaller stomach volume limits food intake and reduced food consumption equals weight loss.
The second category of the many types of weight loss surgery is malabsorptive surgery which is an invasive procedure that changes the way your digestive tract processes food. Typical examples include removal of a portion of the digestive tract and re-routing the connections between intestines and stomach resulting in what is called a gastric bypass.
Typical malabsorptive surgeries are done in conjunction with restrictive surgeries to mix the safety of the restrictive methods with the effectivity of malabsorptive procedures. Pure malabsorptive procedures are no longer common in the medical profession because of the inherent risks they carry.
From the two main catagories, the types of weight loss surgery branch out into Gastric Bypass, Adjustable Gastric Band and Gastric Sleeve Surgery, just to name three of the most used.
The Gastric Bypass is a malabsorptive form of weight loss surgery while the Adjustable Gastric Band is restrictive. The third is an example of combined malabsorptive and restrictive types of weight loss surgery. Today, Adjustable Gastric Bypass carries several advantages over competing procedures om that it has become the procedure of choice for many looking to lose weight. Small incisions and a less invasive procedure install the gastric band which can be readily adjusted to control the active stomach volume as may be necessary. Healing time is also generally faster and the procedure is reversible so if there is a medical need to revert the stomach back to its original condition, it can be accomplished on the surgical table.
Insurance coverage also plays a vital role in procedure selection. With common methods like Adjustable Gastric Band, insurance policies normally offer up to 80% of costs for “customary and usual” surgical steps. This helps to relieve the burden of cost on the patient while making sure that safer types of weight loss surgery are given priority for the patient’s benefit.
Advances in medical technology have now made weight loss surgery a near common procedure in many hospitals and performed by more and more surgeons. Look into the viability of weight loss surgery as your ticket to a healthier, fitter you.
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