Types of Heart Disease

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Types of Heart Disease

When doctors try to diagnose a specific cardiovascular condition, they go through a long list of the many types of heart disease. Of course, each of these conditions is extensively documented and the warning signs properly assessed and filed for reference. Unfortunately, the complexities of the cardiovascular system, and in particular the heart, lends itself to plenty of various potential interpretations. As such, doctors need to have a very clear picture of the specific case before they can even begin to list the potential problem out of the many types of heart disease.

Here are some of the few more common types of heart disease and a short description of their symptoms. Likewise, acute awareness of these early warnings is essential to allow family members to report conspicuous symptoms that can lead to early diagnosis and treatment. If this is done before the disease progresses beyond the untreatable stage, this should be a real lifesaver.

•Coronary Artery Disease (CAD). This is one of the most common types of heart disease and is directly a product of poor lifestyle decisions leading to a very serious heart condition. CAD is characterized by clogging of the arteries forcing the heart to work harder which will eventually lead to an embolism or heart failure. Chest pains are the most notable symptoms of CAD and this illness alone accounts for the largest number of fatalities caused by an illness in America.

•Heart Attack. The more formal term for this condition is a myocardial infarction. It refers to damage of the heart muscles resulting in selective death of heart muscles which will lead to weakening of the heart and eventual failure. A heart attack is oftentimes induced by a coronary heart disease although this is not always the case.

•Heart Valve Disease. In many types of heart disease, the heart muscles that are responsible for pumping blood to various body parts have no problem but the valves that control the direction of flow can be faulty. This is oftentimes caused by congenital heart disease or improperly developed heart valves prior to birth. Likewise, there are also diseases like rheumatic heart fever that can compromise these delicate heart valves resulting to failure.

•Pericarditis. This is not a heart disease per se but rather a condition that affects the sac that cradles the heart. Pericarditis can be a side-effect from many other heart ailments and its onset can cause serious complications that will be hard to recover from if not diagnosed early.

•Congenital Heart Disease. Some babies are born with improperly developed heart structures. This is what is known as congenital heart disease. In some cases valves are underdeveloped or malfunctioning. In other cases, the heart walls are weakened or are completely absent resulting in improper bad flow which chokes the heart resulting in death.

All of the types of heart disease mentioned, and even those that are mentioned on this page, are serious conditions that require immediate medical attention. The heart plays a very important function and few people can survive without a properly functioning heart. Should you have loved ones complaining of pain, discomfort, difficulties in breathing and similar symptoms, check with your doctor immediately for an early diagnosis. Many types of heart diseases can be remedied if the disease is detected early enough. Combined with proper lifestyle choices, many people live to ripe old age despite potentially life-threatening conditions associated with the heart.