Stomach Bypass Facts
There is an increase in the number of obese people throughout the world. For this reason, many people are trying to adopt a healthy lifestyle which includes eating the right food and exercising regularly. Obese people, who have tried exercising to lose weight and have had little or no luck, often turn to the option of stomach bypass surgery.
There are two main procedures done during a stomach bypass surgery. One procedure involves making the stomach smaller by either stapling it or using a ring. The other procedure involves shortening the digestive tract, specifically the small intestines. The shortening is done in such a way that food bypasses part of the small intestines. In fact, the entire duodenum is bypassed. This is why the surgery is called a stomach bypass. The part of the small intestine that is by-passed, the duodenum, is the part where most of the absorption of nutrients and calories happens. By bypassing this section the body will take in a significant less amount of calories, thus causing weight loss.
There are three main types of stomach bypass surgeries. One is called the Roux-en-Y stomach bypass. This type if surgery is probably the most popular one. It basically involves creating a smaller stomach pouch at the top of the stomach using surgical staples. This small pouch is connected to the jejunum, which is the middle part of the small intestine. This procedure is of two different types depending on where the connection of the small pouch to the small intestines is made. If the connection is made near the top end of the small intestines, it is called a proximal surgery and if it’s made near the lower end, it is called a distal surgery. This type of stomach bypass surgery can be done either laparoscopically or through open surgery. It is particularly popular because it has fewer side effects than the other types of surgeries and it does not result in severe mal-absorption of nutrients.
Another type of stomach bypass surgery is the biliopancreatic diversion. It is also referred to as extensive stomach bypass because in this procedure, a substantial portion of the stomach is removed. The remaining part of the stomach is connected to the last part of the small intestine. In this type of surgery, no part of the small intestines is removed. Instead, the part of the small intestines that is connected directly to the stomach is detached and sealed. This procedure has high complication rates and is therefore not too popular.
The Mini-Stomach bypass is the third type of stomach bypass surgery. It is a relatively simple procedure that is done laparoscopically. It involves having the stomach stapled vertically so that it becomes a tube. The procedure takes about half an hour and it said to have a high success rate and fewer bypass complications.
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