Open Heart Bypass
Open Heart Bypass Procedure
There is a large number of individuals who require an open heart bypass every year. Heart disease is one of the most common problems affecting millions of Americans each year. Many cases of the disease result in heart attacks which are directly or indirectly caused by blockages in the arteries which are used to provide blood supply to the heart.
In most cases, the coronary arteries are likely to be affected. These arteries may be blocked due to a buildup of fatty deposits on the arterial walls of these vessels. This leads to blood flow to the heart being severely limited which in turn can cause a heart attack and possibly require open heart bypass surgery.
There are a number of treatments that can be effectively used to remedy arterial blockages. One such treatment is open heart bypass surgery. For one to be a candidate of an open heart bypass, their doctor must recommend the procedure after a thorough examination has been performed. Other procedures may be tried before an open heart bypass is recommended. This includes medication, as well as cardiac rehabilitation. At this point, it is important to note that open heart bypass surgery is just one of the treatments for heart disease. Moreover, the procedure may not always be right for everyone.
If open heart bypass surgery has been recommended, it is crucial for the patient to know what will happen. Under normal circumstances, one’s surgeon will provide all the required information as to what the standard procedures will be before, during and after the surgery. However, it is always worthwhile to conduct some additional research on the issue before undergoing the operation.
An open heart bypass is carried out while one is under general anesthesia. This means that one will be hooked up to a ventilator or breathing machine during the operation. The surgery begins through a 10-inch incision that is made down the middle of one’s chest by the surgeon. The surgeon will then proceed to separate the breast bone so as to see the heart, the aorta and other relevant arteries that need to be observed during the operation.
During the procedure, the surgeon will proceed to use a graft to redirect blood flow around the blocked area of one’s artery. Depending on the number of blocked arteries, the grafts used may be numerous. The graft is usally a vein or an artery that is taken from another part of one’s body. In most cases, this wil be a saphenous vein in one’s leg, the internal mammary artery from one’s chest area or the radial artery from one’s wrists.
After the grafting procedure, the breastbone will then be sealed with wire which will remain inside one’s body. The incision is then sown up with stitches and one will be wheeled to the Intensive Care Unit. In most cases, an open heart bypass procedure may take 4 to 6 hours to complete.
Since the open heart bypass is so serious there are complications that can follow. For this reason it is imperative that the patient completely follow the doctor's instruction both before and after the surgery.
There are other less invasive heart surgeries being used today because of modern medical advances. However, these procedure all not always the best for everyone and the doctor and patient must decide which is best.
Our website has an extremely large selection of good articles on all aspects of both heart and gastric bypass surgeries. Though this is a just a general article on the subject we hope this information concerning an open heart bypass has been helpful.