Mini Gastric Bypass
The Mini Gastric Bypass (MGB) is a type of weight loss operation and is a less invasivie version of the regular gastric bypass or the Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y bypass (LRYGBP). Both operations are used to treat chronic or morbid obesity where other weight loss methods have failed. The dramatic increase in over-weight people together with improvements in the surgical techniques have led to an increased demand for stomach bypass operations.
Results from a survey show that MGB affects eating routines by reducing the feeling of hunger by almost 50% as well as increasing the sensation of being satiated. The success rate of MGB is usually a weight loss of up to 60%. The weight loss tends to occur fast in the short run, followed by a slower more progressive decrease.
An MGB is an attractive option to many people because it’s less complicated than a full gastric bypass. This operation takes less than 45 minutes, the operational risks are much lower, the average hospital stay is one day, typically there is less pain associated with it and the procedure can be reversed. Moreover the operation is much less invasive that the full version.
Like the regular procedure, a mini gastric bypass involves dividing the stomach into two parts. But instead of creating two separate pouches, the mini gastric bypass restructures the stomach into a tube-like shape which is then attached or looped towards the end of the small intestine. Hence, MGB is also known as ‘loop gastric bypass’. This procedure reduces the stomach size plus cuts down on the digestion time and calorie intake due to the shortened intestinal path.
A mini gastric bypass costs on average between $17,000 - $20,000 which is considerably cheaper than a regular bypass at between $25,000 - $40,000. This is still quite expensive so a number of people are opting have the operation done in Mexico and India where the operation costs much less. This is not an indication of lower quality health care but is related to the lower costs tied to health services in Mexico and India compared to the United States. If you opt to take the surgery in a foreign country make sure you do a thorough background check on the facilities. There are international bodies such as the JCI from where you can research on health centers are endorsed by the International Society for Quality in Health Care.
Deciding whether to have a regular or mini bypass should be based on the diagnosis and advise of a doctor. They will take into consideration your BMI (body mass index) and other prevailing conditions that could impact the success of the operation.
Studies have been done to compare the MGB with the regular LRYGBP. The percentage weight loss was found to be higher with the MGB both in the short term (1-2 years) and with the residual excess weight after 2 years. In both types of operations obesity-related complications improved considerably without much difference between the two groups. Also, the rate of late complications and gastrointestinal functioning was about the same in both groups.
If you or your physician feel surgery is necessary, be certain you understand the gastric bypass risks involved in the surgery.