Laparoscopic Gastric Bypass
Laparoscopic gastric bypass is a medical procedure that was especially developed for individuals who were so drastically overweight they had developed a number of life threatening medical problems. However, in today's world, there are many individuals who desire to have a gastric bypass solely for the reason of having their bodies look better.
For many years gastric bypass surgery was considered a major surgery wrought with many problems and complications. A long incision had to be made in the abdomen, and there were many complications and problems. Although these problems and complications still exist, with the passing of years the statistics have gotten significantly better. Now, with a minimal invasive procedure called the Laparoscopic gastric bypass, or Roux-en-Y, patients are getting to leave the hospital sooner, with less complications and less pain than patients who underwent the open gastric bypass. Furthermore, because there are only 5-6 very small incisions used for the surgery, patients are happy to find scarring is significantly reduced as well.
Not only is laparoscopic bypass a safer technique, most patients lose more weight over a two years period than with the older, standard procedure. In fact, because all the benefits involved, laparoscopic gastric bypass has become the standard procedure itself. Patients usually lose around 50-80% of their body weight, and in a vast number of cases the lost weight also takes with it the diabetics and heart problems that accompanied their obesity.
Before you will be allowed to have a laparoscopic gastric bypass, you physician will run a series of medical tests to make sure there are no medical problems that could prevent you from having the procedure. For instance, your heart and lungs will be closely looked at to make sure they are in good enough condition to handle the surgery. Many surgeons also give psychological tests to make certain you are mentally prepared for not just the surgery, but what comes after it.
1 – Small incisions are made to allow entry of a small camera, light and surgery tools. The stomach will probably be induced with gas to enlarge it and give the surgeon more working room and a clearer view.
2 – Creation of new stomach – A pouch is created in a small part of the upper stomach. In its finished state it is not much larger than an egg. It is almost like an extension of the esophagus, but will be totally separated from the remainder of the stomach. The remainder of the stomach stays in place and receives and excellent blood supply. It is just no longer used for as a part of the food digestive system.
3 – Connecting the pouch to the jejunum – The second segment of the small intestine is the jejunum. After the pouch is made, it is connected directly the the jejunum, bypassing the majority of the stomach and much of the intestines. Food now enters the pouch and goes straight to the jujunum.
4 – Reconnection of bowel – The upper part of the bowel must now be connected to the part of the small intestines that was connected to the pouch. This will complete the surgery which usually takes around two hours to perform.
As far as the cost of a laparoscopic gastric bypass goes, the latest figures for 2010 are around $23,000. Many insurance companies who in the past would not cover a gastric bypass, have since decided it is cheaper than paying for the many illnesses that are caused by obesity, so you might want to consult your insurance provider to see what their latest policies are.
This article has not gone into the complications, risks, diet or recover process. However you will find these covered in other articles on this sites home page. Just remember when making a decision, Laparoscopic gastric bypass is not a surgery procedure, it is a life long commitment.