Heart Surgery Complications

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Possible Heart Surgery Complications

Heart surgery is one of the most complicated and sensitive operations in the medical profession and even after completing the operation, there are still heart surgery complications that one has to be mindful of. Depending on the type of surgery done – bypass, congenital disease repair, pacemaker implantation, valve grafting and many others – the risks can significantly vary from being mildly inconvenient to fatal. This is also exacerbated by other factors such as age and gender, the patient’s state of health, medicines that the patient is taking shortly before or after the operation and even dietary preconditions that can enhance or limit the impact of various heart surgery complications.

Only a fully trained and experienced surgeon can contemplate these potential heart surgery complications in detail, and even with such extensive experience an exhaustive analysis of mitigating and aggravating factors will first have to be studied.

Here are some general examples of heart surgery complications that can arise during, immediately after or even days after the actual heart surgery has been deemed successful.

Bleeding is the most obvious form of complication. It’s closely tied to the quality of the stitch as the incision point is normally the main site for bleeding complications. There are also relevant factors such as the condition of the patient’s blood particularly the platelet count which helps promote blood coagulation. A deficiency in Vitamin K, a critical coagulation agent, can cause severe bleeding complications soon after heart surgery.

Blood clotting is the opposite of bleeding and indicates an excess of coagulating agents. Clots can form in the heart during the procedure and can later on be carried in various other areas of the body which can eventually result in an embolism if it gets lodged in the smaller arteries. If the clot gets stuck in the brain vessels, it can easily lead to a stroke. Heart surgery complications of these types are very hard to deal with because detecting clots, or worse, locating where they may have lodged themselves is not an easy job for any medical professional. For this reason, surgeons take very careful steps to ensure that the patient gets the right level of coagulating factors and not more so as to cause clotting complications.

Ischemic heart disease, otherwise known as heart paralysis is also a possible problem. this heart surgery complication happens when some areas of the heart do not get sufficient blood flow as a consequence of the procedure. Treatment requires more advanced methods reserved only for heart surgery specialists.

Despite recent advancements in the medical profession, death remains to be a heart surgery complication that finds its way into a few patients. The stress on the body associated with surgery is enough to bring down those who are not healthy enough, hence fatalities will happen every now and then even in the very best hospitals. This is why a thorough assessment of the patient’s readiness prior surgery is a main consideration prior to actually performing the surgery.

While there are no definitive measures to quantify the risk factors, there are ways available to medical professionals that can help lower the risks. Make sure to subject the patient to the most thorough pre-screening possible in order to adequately prepare for the potential complications that can arise following a heart procedure.

While this article is very serious in nature, understand that heart surgery complications are no different from other major surgeries which carry complications as well. This article is to just inform of the possiblities regardless of how small they are.

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