Heart Bypass Diet
A Healthy Heart Bypass Diet
Heart bypass surgery is usually necessary to replace coronary arteries that, due to years and years of a high cholesterol diet, smoking cigarettes, diabetes or other heart disease causing risk factors, have become blocked with calcified plaque. It therefore stands to reason that patients who have to undergone bypass surgery must be compelled to adapt a heart bypass diet which is generally low in cholesterol, fat and sodium. The success rate of heart bypass surgery is quite high but it is not a miracle cure therefore it is of utmost importance to have a healthy heart bypass diet.
Once a patient has had bypass surgery, their doctor usually gives them a diet plan to follow which will be instrumental in both short and long term recovery. This heart bypass diet must be followed to the letter to prevent future heart problems and to ensure the bypass surgery is a success.
Specific dietary recommendations of a heart bypass diet consists of a wide range of highly nutritious food from six different food groups. This will entail consuming four to five daily servings of vegetables and fruit, less than six ounces of lean meat, seafood or poultry daily, milk, two to three servings of fats and oils daily and four to five servings of seeds, nuts, beans and other legumes weekly.
Consuming large amounts of fruits and vegetables has been shown to reduce blood pressure especially those of the yellow, red and dark green variety. Elevated blood pressure increases the risk of heart attack. Milk should be of the fat free or low fat variety as whole milk products are high in cholesterol and fat. Cholesterol and fat are the leading cause of the build-up of plaque on the artery walls.
It is recommended that a heart bypass diet should limit the cholesterol consumption to less than 300 mg daily, daily total calories intake from saturated fat to less than 7% and less than 1% from trans fats. A bypass patient should also have a diet that is fibre rich, prefer whole grain, and avoid sodium, preferably restricting its consumption to a maximum of 1500mg per day. The patient should eat more fruits and vegetables and avoid food and drinks that have sugar added.
A heart bypass diet should be unlike fad diets that encourage high intake of protein such as high-fat meats as a replacement of fruits, vegetables and carbohydrates as this will tend to raise cholesterol levels.
At first, adapting a healthy heart bypass diet may be difficult but bypass patients can begin by following the general guideline outlined above such as limiting their intake of sodium, fat, cholesterol and as such their calorie intake. As they progress they should find additional ways to replace their diet with healthier alternatives. It is important that a post bypass surgery patient take control of what they eat. For instance, have condiments on the side when eating out, have low-fat yoghurt rather than butter or sour-cream on your baked-potatoes.
However it is important to note that a healthy heart bypass diet should go hand in hand with an exercise regime. With a regular exercise program and by following the heart bypass diet the patient should have no further heart problems.
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