Heart Ablation Surgery

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Heart Ablation Surgery

One of the common problems that affects adults who are eating the wrong types of foods and have a generally unhealthy diet is the presence of abnormal tissues within the heart muscle which may cause abnormal heart rhythms. These rhythms may either cause the heart to beat too fast or too slow. One of the risks posed by such abnormal rhythms is improper pumping of blood through the body. Due to the abnormal tissues, the upper chambers of the heart which normally produce a full, strong beat tend to "quiver" which results in improper pumping of blood through that chamber. As such, blood may be left behind which may prove dangerous as one may suffer from blood clots, resulting in a heart attack or stroke.

These abnormal heart rhythms are medically referred to as arrhythmias. Once you have been diagnosed with this condition there are a few options available as treatment. One of the options is heart ablation surgery. There are four types of heart ablation surgeries available. Three of the procedures are wholly surgical while the fourth is often termed as a non-surgical procedure as it can be done within a doctor's office.

The three surgical procedures include the Maze procedure, the modified Maze procedure and the minimally invasive heart ablation surgical procedure. The first procedure, the Maze procedure, is an open heart surgical procedure and as such is the most invasive of the three. Moreover, patients who undergo the Maze surgical procedure have the longest recovery periods.

The Maze procedure involves the surgical team stopping the heart momentarily to make tiny incisions on the heart muscles inside the heart chambers. The incisions help prevent the transmission of the irregular impulses to the heart walls. Thus, the heartbeat is no longer irregular. Individuals who undergo this procedure will have a recovery period of a few weeks and will be restricted to little physical activity while the incision heals.

The modified Maze heart ablation surgery involves a catheter that is inserted in the groin and travels up to the heart. Using shock waves, this method destroys the path that the irregular electrical impulses take to create the irregular heartbeat. The modified Maze procedure is less invasive than its predecessor and is far more preferred among patients. Patients who undergo the procedure will be allowed to go home once the bleeding around the catheter insertion point has been controlled. Moreover, one is limited to little physical activity to ensure proper healing.

The third procedure, the minimally invasive heart ablation surgery involves the use of scopes which are inserted through small incisions made around the chest region. The scopes, therefore interrupt the regular impulses. With this procedure, the patient will have to spend about a night in the hospital to ensure that the insertion points are healing properly.

The last procedure is the non-surgical heart ablation procedure which uses electrodes to rectify the irregular impulses. The doctor will first hook the electrodes to the patient’s body and electricity will be used to jolt the heart back to its regular beating rhythm.

We hope this article on heart ablation surgery has been of some use. Our website has a huge amount of information on the heart and different heart ailments you may want to browse through.