Gastric Bypass Side Effects
What Are Gastric Bypass Side Effects?
Gastric bypass surgery is a surgery done to cause weight loss. This is done by reducing stomach size and shortening the small intestines. A gastric bypass is major surgery and like any surgical procedure, has its own risks and side effects. Some gastric bypass side effects are both temporary while others will require permanent lifestyle changes. Side effects occur mainly because the surgery alters the digestive process. Here are some of the gastric bypass side effects?
Nutritional deficiencies - The surgery reduces the size of the stomach and bypasses the small intestine where essential vitamins and minerals are absorbed by the body. Food intake is also reduced and so are calories and nutrients from food. Nutritional deficiencies will cause illnesses and conditions ranging from fatigue to death. These gastric bypass side effects can be quite thoroughly taken care of by incorporating vitamins and supplements into a daily regime. However, this is a permanent change to your lifestyle as the supplements need to be taken for the rest of your life.
Hair loss or thinning - This is one of the temporary gastric bypass side effects and is caused by a nutritional deficiency in protein which is essential for healthy growth. Taking a multivitamin daily or protein rich foods will take care of this problem.
Dumping syndrome - It is also referred to as rapid gastric emptying. It is characterized by symptoms such as nausea, diarrhoea, dizziness, palpitations and stomach cramps. It occurs when food moves too quickly from the stomach into the small intestines. This can easily be avoided by taking the right diet as recommended by your doctor after a gastric bypass surgery.
Gall stones - These are caused by the rapid weight loss that occurs after gastric bypass surgery. If the gallstones cause symptoms, the gall bladder may need to be removed through surgery. You can prevent the occurrence of gall stones by taking a bile salts supplement.
Bowel obstruction - The bowel may be come obstructed as a result of adhesions or hernias caused by gastric bypass surgery. Another surgery is needed to correct a bowel obstruction.
Constipation - This is another one of the gastric bypass side effects that can easily be taken care of by drinking plenty of water. Taking stool softeners and fibre supplements will also help.
Nausea and vomiting - This is probably one of the commonest gastric bypass side effects. However, it is temporary and lasts only until the body gets accustomed to its new dietary regime. Nausea and vomiting may also be as a result of intolerance to some foods and drink, which is a side effect of bypass surgery. Sticking to your recommended diet will go a long way in reducing this side effect. It is also a good idea to eat small portions at a time, chew food slowly and thoroughly.
Flatulence - This is one of the long term gastric bypass side effects. This side effect is very embarrassing and is a direct result of poor nutrient absorption. The flatulence is usually very foul smelling and a discussion with your doctor for a solution may be necessary.
Gastric bypass surgery has other side effects. However, all major surgeries have possible complications and the patient must decide if the benefits outweigh the risks. If your doctor has suggested this surgery then it is probably best to have it.
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