Coronary Bypass Surgery Procedure

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Coronary Bypass Surgery Procedure

Heart disease is one of the leading causes of death in the United States. In many cases, the problem is caused by rich lifestyles and diets where one takes foods rich in fats, sodium and cholesterol. The consequence of such diets normally results in the blockage of one or more coronary arteries. These arteries act as pathways for blood to flow to the heart muscles. Blockage of such arteries may eventually cause heart failure. If you have one or more coronary arteries blocked, your physician may recommend the coronary bypass surgery procedure to help restore blood flow to your heart.

The coronary bypass surgery procedure is often referred to as the coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG). During the procedure, one of your blood vessels will be removed and placed around the narrowed areas in such a way that the new vessel bypasses the blocked arteries. This new vessel is referred to as a graft and acts as a new pathway for blood flow.

Grafts may come from different regions of your body. Typically, grafts will be retrieved from the legs, arms or chest regions. These regions are termed as safe regions as there are plenty of other blood vessels to supply blood flow to the tissues in those regions. The type of graft to be used for your surgery will depend on the location and size of blockage as well as the size of your coronary arteries.

The internal mammary arteries are the best graft arteries for use when considering coronary bypass surgery procedure. These particular arteries are located within the chest region and are accessed when an incision is made at the start of the procedure. During the procedure, this artery is sewn to the coronary artery at a point just below the blockage.

The saphenous veins are located in the legs. When used for the procedure, the surgeon sews the arteries from the aorta to the coronary artery at a point just below the blockage. Retrieval of saphenous veins is done through minimally-invasive surgery which has the benefit of faster recovery time and less scarring.,/p>

During the coronary bypass surgery procedure, three or four arteries may be bypassed when sewing the graft. The procedure may be minimally invasive or traditional whereby traditional heart surgery is used to perform the procedure.

It should be noted that not all candidates are eligible for the minimally invasive procedure. Your surgeon will have to review your tests as well as your medical history before recommending the surgery. The benefits of minimally invasive surgery include smaller incisions, shorter hospital stays as well as less pain and trauma. Moreover, one also benefits from less bleeding and less chances of infection with a minimally-invasive procedure.

As with any surgery there can be risks involved when having a coronary bypass surgery procedure. Be sure to learn all about the surgery and follow all of your doctor’s instructions to lessen the chance for complication.