Congenital Heart Failure

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Congenital Heart Failure Information

One of the most common diseases that can lead to congenital heart failure is congenital heart defect (CHD). In simple medical terms, congenital heart diseases are due to a structural abnormality in the heart and blood vessels which develop prior to the birth of a child. In many cases, CHDs are dangerous because they alter the flow of blood to the heart creating patterns that prevent the patient from engaging in activities that put extra stress on the heart. When the abnormality can no longer supply the necessary blood flow to the vital organs, this leads to congenital heart failure which is usually fatal.

The broad class of CHDs can be classified into four main areas with varying symptoms and manifestations. These are hypoplasia, cyanotic defects, obstruction defects and septal defects.

· Hypoplasia. This CHD is characterized by insufficient development of the right or left ventricles of the heart limiting its pumping capacity. Without immediate emergency, hypoplasis often reports in death because the heart is not able to deliver oxygen from the lungs or into the rest of the body.

· Cyanotic defects. More popularly known as “blue baby”, a cyanotic defect is due to the overall insufficiency of oxygen supply in many parts of the child’s body. As a result, the child appears blue because there is an almost visible lack of oxygen-infused red hemoglobin.

· Obstruction defects. These are caused by the presence of structures that block the normal flow of blood. In many cases, these can lead to enlargement of the heart which subsequently results in congenital heart failure.

· Septal defects. These are commonly characterized by holes in the walls of the heart reducing pumping power. These are very common and can generally left undiagnosed until a congenital heart failure has occurred.

It is almost impossible to pre-empt or predict the occurrence of CHD because there are many factors that can lead to its presence. The most notable are genetic factors and environmental stimuli that can lead to underdevelopment at the fetal stage. Viral infection can also be a common cause of congenital heart failure-inducing CHD.

In many cases, only surgery is the viable option to correct CHD and prevent congenital heart failure. In a few instances, the condition heals itself without need for any treatment. However, it can just as likely recur so anyone with CHD should always being extremely sure of their heart condition to prevent surprises.

Still, there are many available methods to diagnose CHD and prevent congenital heart failure. By subjecting the patient to X-ray, ECG, MRI, ink tests and even cardiac catherization, doctors can detect structural abnormalities so they can be treated as soon as possible. Today, the success rate of CHD treatment remains relatively low compared to other conditions but it does boast cases of complete recovery.

There is no way around congenital heart disease without subsequently worrying about congenital heart failure. For this reason, it is important to always consult with a doctor if you suspect a heart-related problem. Do not take matters into your own hands or hide it from loved ones and family members. You will need expert medical opinion to get through the condition and stand a better chance of living a long healthy life.

Though this article on congenital heart failure has been pretty general, hopefully it has stressed the importance of taking it seriously and following the doctor's orders which will usually include regular checkups