Bariatric Surgery Options
People who are morbidly obese and are at risk for having medical problems such as hypertension and diabetes may be encouraged to consider bariatric surgery. There are several bariatric surgery options available today, each having a measure of success for different individuals.
The different bariatric surgery options will fall under three main categories. This categorization comes from the way the surgeries are performed. Bariatric surgery is done by reducing the size of the stomach using a band or surgical staples, bypassing a portion of the small intestines or removing a part of the stomach. These types of weight loss surgery cause weight loss by reducing the amount of food that the stomach can take, as well as causing food to be poorly absorbed. In most cases it is a combination of the two.
Some of the bariatric surgery options include:
Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass Surgery – This is the most popular weight loss surgery option in the United States and is of two types; proximal or short limb Roux-en-Y and the distal or long limb Roux-en-Y. During the procedure, the surgeon staples the stomach to make it smaller and connects it to the lower portion of the small intestine. The duodenum and the jejunum, where most of the food absorption happens are bypassed. This surgery has other benefits besides achieving long term weight loss. It also causes the resolution of health problems such as diabetes, hypertension, heartburn and sleep apnea in the majority of patients.
Adjustable Gastric Band Surgery –This is another of the more popular bariatric surgery options. It is sometimes referred to as the Lap Band surgery. This procedure involves reducing the stomach size by placing a band that divides the stomach into two parts, the top part being much smaller. No other interference on the digestive tract is carried out so food absorption continues as normal. This option works because a patient will eat less as they feel full quickly. The band can be adjusted and the entire procedure is carried out laparoscopically.
Vertical Banded Gastroplasty – This surgery option is also called stomach stapling. The stomach is stapled along a vertical line to create a smaller stomach. The aim is to restrict the amount of food the stomach can hold. Like the Lap Band surgery, this procedure does not cause any interference in how food is absorbed in the digestive tract. Out of all the bariatric surgery options, this particular one is completely reversible.
Bariatric surgery options all come with a measure of risk like any other surgical procedure. The success of the surgery, that is in aiding in weight loss, is also heavily dependent on the specific individual.
Those who have undergone bariatric surgery have a very crucial role to play after the procedure is done. They must be very careful in their food choices and should also adopt a healthy, active lifestyle.
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